Pantheism is the belief that reality is identical with divinity, or that all-things compose an all-encompassing, immanent god. Just because pantheism effectively equates the divine with the sum total of reality doesn't mean that everything is "good", it just is. But if not the name, the ideas themselves are very ancient, and any survey of the history of philosophy will uncover numerous â¦ How do panentheistic religions explain the existence of evil and itâs origin? Rethinking Evil, Morality, Religious Experience, Religious Pluralism, and the Academic Study of Religion âBrilliant Essays on the God-World Relation: For several decades David Ray Griffin, the leading process philosopher of religion of his generation, has made panentheism one of the three central pillars of his work. This form of panentheism helps in overcoming the problem of evil and in proposing that God's love for the world is essential to who God is. It's widely agreed that Alvin Plantinga solved the logical problem of evil, although I would argue that the problem does not arise for panentheism in the first place since it doesn't view God as some personal agent who is capable of intervening in the world to eliminate evil. Panentheism was a major force in the Unitarian church for a long time, based on Ralph Waldo Emerson's concept of the Oversoul. God is not merely creator of the universe; His active Presence is necessary in some way for every bit of creation, from smallest to greatest, to â¦ Evil, then, is less than evil because it contributes to a greater â¦ One of the premises in J. L. Mackie's formulation of the logical problem of evil â¦ Panentheism and Scientific Naturalism book. Panentheism and the Problem of Evil. This means that from the perspective of Swedenborg's theology, the problem of evil, or Satan, in relation to God's immanence is a problem of how God can be present in evil people, maintaining their existence from within, even while there is no evil in God's own nature. If the universe is a part of God, but God still transcends it and is senteient, why would he allow evil to exist, since evil could be seen as being caused by God or imply a fallible or imperfect God. This form of panentheism helps in overcoming the problem of evil and in proposing that God's love for the world is essential to who God is. . Evil itself has no future. Pantheist belief does not recognize a distinct personal god, anthropomorphic or otherwise, but instead characterizes a broad range of doctrines differing in forms of relationships between reality and â¦ . . But fundamentally, evil exists only in the human spirit. This survives today as the panentheistic religion, Oversoul. As we saw above, if everything is âinâ God, this means that every existing evil is âinâ God. This is not to be confused with panENtheism, which maintains the identity and significance of the non-divine in â¦ Evil happens because an actor decides to do something you consider evil. This survives today as the panentheistic religion, Oversoul. Conjoined panentheism and the problem of evil. The term âpantheismâ is a modern one, possibly first appearing in the writing of the Irish freethinker John Toland (1705) and constructed from the Greek roots pan (all) and theos (God). Thus, conjoined panentheism also has in common with âweakâ forms of panentheism an emphasis on Godâs presence and Godâs action in both God the World and God the Good. Panentheism seems to wrap all differences, even the difference between good and evil, into one giant synthesis so that good and evil work naturally together (perhaps with Godâs or Christâs assistance) to contribute to some greater end. Panentheism was a major force in the Unitarian church for a long time, based on Ralph Waldo Emerson's concept of the Oversoul. The use of panentheism as part of Orthodox theology and doctrine is âproblematicâ to those who would insist that panentheism requires creation to be âpart ofâ God. Read reviews from worldâs largest community for readers. RE: Good, Evil and Panentheism March 31, 2012 at 2:34 pm "Thus evil is not a universal state that we can ascribe to the All, but rather we find evils within local conditions.