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situational leadership theory strengths and weaknesses

The organization is expanded in the market with the help of leadership and managers strategies. That allows for fires to be put out and morale to be salvaged, but it also creates issues where personal development can be stalled. Male leaders, on the other hand, adopted stronger approaches which are consistent with natural dominating and controlling characteristics of men. A leader who is able to delegate his authority in terms of job accomplishment will have time to focus on other strategic matters. Examples: Nick Bollettieri (American Tennis coach to grand slam winners like … They must also understand the scope of the project or task that must be completed. However, in the real world, there is no single leadership style that can be applied in all situations. In solving the low productivity issue of the Technical Services division, Terrill also played the role of a negotiator. Being appointed as the head of Technical Services Division clearly indicated that John Terrill held legitimate power over the department. Situational strength is said to result in psychological pressure on the individual to engage in and/or refrain from particular behaviors. In fact, one of its most important functions is to build interdependency between leaders and followers. This allows team members to find common ground with each other, which reduces the risks of internal conflict developing. Situational leadership as a model may not feel intuitive to task-oriented or heavily regimented managers. Maturity in leadership settings takes on two different meanings. To illustrate, while the company management requires that the engineers turned in daily reports to headquarters, Terrill ordered them to turn in the reports to his office instead. Even though there are varying outcomes from these researches, a majority of the research results agreed that differences in leadership styles definitely exist among male and female leaders. At the same time, empathy is developed within the leadership of the agency because each worker must be approached correctly. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? However, many women nowadays earn their organisations’ mandate and are appointed as CEOs and MDs of companies. The engineers did not need much prompting and directions from him to take on new initiatives which help contribute to their productivity. Legitimate power, reward power and coercion power fall in this category. In 1969, Blanchard and Hersey developed Situational Leadership® Theory in their classic book Management of Organizational Behavior. * Leaders motivate their followers by arousing their emotions and acting beyond the framework of exchange relations. In general terms, situational leadership is a model that allows leaders to adjust their style based on their “followers,” or direct reports. Coaching Leadership. Northouse points out a major weakness in that the theory is rather vague and missing details on how to foster a leadership making relationship; nor is there any training program for companies (Northouse, 2013). From the study, it was concluded that: Female principals are more task-oriented compared to male principals. In DGI International’s case study, John Terrill applied a combination of both position and personal powers to solve the problem faced by his subordinates in the Technical Services division. Transformational leaders brought about changes in organizations by inspiring, motivating and sometimes acting as role models for employees to identify with (Bass, 1985). Even though we can all find common ground with other people at some level, humans are unique individuals. This style of leadership is not dependent on the skills of a leader; rather it is based on a leader's ability to adjust to the requirements of a team or organization in order to be a better and more effective leader. However, the above differences do not limit men and women to any one leadership style. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Followers of this leadership style will feel more trusted and will build a closer working relationship with the leaders and foster better team work. His openness may have encouraged the engineers to confide in him even though he was new to the organisation. * Leaders are proactive and help form new aspirations and expectations of followers. * Leaders encourage followers to strive for their goals beyond self-interest. In addition, Fiedler's model paved the way for other theories that have no one best style of leadership at their core, such as Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership. Ogden et al. Situational leadership is a leadership style in which a leader adapts their style of leading to suit the current work environment and/or needs of a team. The strength of the contingency theory of leadership is its ability to predict leadership effectiveness as individual and organizational variables are introduced. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Traits like micromanaging, inconsistency, a lack of awareness and other similar qualities can be attributed to weaknesses in leadership skills. They do not focus on the developmental aspect of leader/worker relationships. The only fix to this potential disadvantage is to have frequent and transparent communication, which takes time away from the actual work that may need to be done. Combined with the use of situational leadership theory, one who is in touch with their own strengths and weaknesses as well as their employees’ can be a very effective leader. Leadership competencies which work in one given situation may not be effective under different circumstances (Graef, 1983). 10. According to this theory, the most effective leaders are those that are able to adapt their style to the situation and look at cues such as the type of task, the nature of the group, and other factors that might contribute to getting th… You can view samples of our professional work here. This style of leadership is open to abuse. Regardless of gender, successful and effective leaders will find their preferred leadership style, that can be a blend of gender-specific roles, which is most suitable to the situation that they are in. On the other hand, transactional leadership style is more visible in traditional organizational settings where male leaders are dominant (Rosener, 1990). Terrill also successfully exercised the division’s expert power to ensure top management did not impose trivial matters (such as writing internal daily reports) which consume much of the engineers time so that they could concentrate on accomplishing their engineering tasks. The maturity of a team is always reflected in their leadership. Hence, women naturally develop leadership styles that are more democratic and participative. There is the emotional maturity of the worker to consider, as well as the job maturity which comes from employee experience. Looking for a flexible role? * Leaders are conscious of the relationship between reward and effort. * Leadership is responsive with high orientation to solve present issues. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. Perhaps this helped open up the communication channel between him and the engineers because they feel that Terrill was acting in their interests. Leaders are a key human resource in any organisation. Although the theory behind this form of leadership attempts to bring equality into the workplace, there is no substitute for real experience. In some countries, women are even denied access to education, rights to freedom, and in extreme cases are relegated to subordinate status (Bass et al, 1971). It is an element which is able to shape managers and followers, and is the key underlying factor for leadership effectiveness. Therefore, successful leaders can be characterised as those who are able to adjust their leadership styles according to situations which warrant their intervention. John Terrill applied his interpersonal skills excellently when he first approached the engineers to seek information on their current problems which affected their productivity. Transformational leaders help employees accept change through engagement and improving relationship or cooperation. Handles internal crises and conflicts involving employees, and also external changes. The organization is using decentralized … What Are Weaknesses Of Situational Leadership Theory Leadershipis the process of interaction of the leaders to his or her team members. Reference this. Traits like micromanaging, inconsistency, a lack of awareness and other similar qualities can be attributed to weaknesses in leadership skills. Focus on Strengths. Lastly, the appro… In this case, Terrill did not use any reward or coercive power because he did not impose any reward or punishment in getting to the root of the problem and then making sure that his engineers would carry out their tasks after that. The theory behind situational leadership is more closely tied to using the style needed to be successful given the existing work environment, or the specific needs of the business. In a 3 to 4 page paper (excluding the title and references pages), please explain why situational leadership theory is useful and relevant in developing an effective leadership culture. In his liaison role, Terrill tried to maintain positive relationship with the engineers and not take sides with the top management by using any form of coercion on his team. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. He successfully proved his point by showing top management that the high stack of report produced over the last three weeks were not read by anyone because no one asked to look at them. This type of power can weaken if the reward is no longer perceived as valuable by the receiver. May not necessarily linked to position or authority in an organisation. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! When using situational leadership, … and weaknesses for this theory. With the four strengths of the situational approach, some weaknesses were also identified by Northouse. In contrast, men display more traditional leadership characteristics such as assertive, controlling, aggressive and dominating. Uniform Reactions Are Not Probable. As the new boss to a team of highly paid and skilled engineers, it can be assumed that John Terrill himself possessed quality traits which made top management at DGI International very confident that he can turn the non-performing department around. That process can cause some leaders to become fixated on the end prize instead of looking at the details required to achieve that goal. Most Effective Style of Leadership: Studies have shown that transformational leadership is more effective than transactional leadership.One study noted that it ranked first in terms of effectiveness. Its guidelines are valuable in guiding situational leadership. Situational leaders must always be on their toes if they are going to be successful. First, he cleverly gained the engineers’ confidence by showing great concern for their welfare. Becomes complicated when more than just leadership qualities are being discussed, makes it hard to focus on specific skills 3. This type of power is normally acquired by experts in certain fields. Table 1: Hersey-Blanchard Situational Table Leadership Model, Managers who are keen to use the Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Model must first fully understand or be able to assess/gauge the level of maturity of its subordinates with reference to their readiness or commitment to perform their job tasks. Female principals are also more democratic or participative while male principals adopted a more autocratic or directive approach. As of the leadership journal (2009) ‘the theory of situational leadership asserts that no one style of leadership pertains to all given workplace situations’. It is generally accepted that the leadership styles of men and women vary because of differences in behaviour of men and women which are shaped by society and culture (Eagley, Wood and Diekman, 2000). In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the two developed their own styles. Based on Mintzberg’s theory, in the DGI International’s case, John Terrill played the roles of Liaison and Negotiator. Informational roles – Monitor, Disseminator and Spokesperson – process the information and act as a link to all the managerial roles. The individual usually possesses a charm, appeal, charisma or admirable qualities which others want to identify with. Situational leadership is based more on meeting an exact need, at the moment, then an approach which looks toward the long-term needs of a team. VAT Registration No: 842417633. In the case of DGI International’s Technical Services division, John Terrill practiced the delegating style based on the profile of the team in his division. This power is also embedded in formal job descriptions that are mutually agreed to by employees in an organisation. When the situational leader cannot be flexible, then their strengths are taken away from them. These five sources of power can be broadly categorised into positional power and personal power. Due to social values, experience and thoughts associated with feminine characteristics (Goldberger, Clinchy, Belenky and Tarule, 1987), women leaders generally use the “soft” approach when dealing with others. The Barclays is the financial service company which provides funds to the population of UK. ... but offered tremendous insight into my leadership strengths, weakness, and affinities. Managers who adopt this style of leadership will allow their followers or subordinates to take responsibility for their assigned tasks with minimal supervision from them. By being role models, such leaders will encourage employees to develop skills which could help them enhance their productivity. Coercive power is usually associated with authority and can be used as a coercion tool at the workplace. @inproceedings{Shonhiwa2017AnEO, title={An Examination of the Situational Leadership Approach : Strengths and Weaknesses}, author={Doctor Caxton Shonhiwa}, year={2017} } Doctor Caxton Shonhiwa Published 2017 This present paper examines the situational leadership approach as one of … Positional power refers to external power which is vested in an individual’s formal role, position or authority. In other words, other factors must be taken into account when deciding which leadership style to use in a given situation. To be successful, the situational must have high emotional intelligence, be empathetic, and continue to keep an eye on long-term strategies while meeting short-term needs. There are also leaders who take more of a hands-off approach, delegating work to others or observing their development from afar, then stepping in to provide advice only when it becomes necessary. That causes the leadership traits to change, and the responses offered by the situational leader may be inappropriate for the situation. His networking skills were clearly demonstrated when he empathised with the engineers and responded positively that engineers in the Technical Services division should not be tied down with paperwork if top management expected them to be more productive. On the other hand, weak leaders cannot embrace new ideas and are very much ‘stuck in their ways’, unwilling to adapt to what the situations call for. He could anticipate that top management would agree to his recommendation that management should not bog down the engineers with daily reports because their engineering expertise is a critical resource in meeting the company’s production objectives, whereas internal reports are only administrative requirements. In situational leadership, it is up to the leader to change his style, not the follower to accommodate to the leader’s style. In conclusion, there are differences in leadership styles by gender. By adapting to the change, the situational leader can adopt an approach that will help that worker stay productive. 1. The main advantage of situational leadership is that the model is easy to understand and use. … The ability of those in higher ranking positions to influence their subordinates is driven by power. To illustrate the point, all three interpersonal roles – Figurehead, Leader and Liaison – provide information. When studying the repeated actions of the individuals over prolonged periods of time, common actions were noticed. The strength of the contingency theory of leadership is its ability to predict leadership effectiveness as individual and organizational variables are introduced. There are certain positive attributes to the study of traits and the theories that researchers have concerning them. Fourth, there was no clear … This means that, the leadership style changes according to the followers’ knowledge and skills in a given task. [1] Follower maturity, which defines the readiness of followers to perform in a given situation, is based on two major factors – the ability and confidence in performing the tasks. The first primary skill involves diagnosis. Taking two different test subjects and stating what their reactions will be to similar situations is not possible. 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Our range of university lectures according to situational leadership, making it hard focus... Perfectly matched to your needs therefore, successful leaders situational leadership theory strengths and weaknesses be used as a role model by.. Takes on two different test subjects and stating what their reactions will be similar... Followers to find solutions to their situational leadership theory strengths and weaknesses and also external changes to external power is. Concern for their established workers as well as job-related skills become issues that interrupt the day them! And successfully listed them in five distinct forms exert more organisational power compared to those in higher ranking to... Interpersonal ability, women, and the leaders to become more independent performing the managerial roles to... To use in a given scenario the differences in the late 1970s and early 1980s the. 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