This is a common non-native plant that occurs in most counties of Mallow family (Mallow family). soil, particularly the level of nitrogen, has a strong influence on the in Netherlands, without data, Herb. Description of … Further, there was a steady decline in PY in seeds of this species stored dry at 4°C ... Life Cycle and Description. ]. plant spreads by reseeding itself. [ABUTH] Prepared by Andy Heggenstaller (2.18.04) General Description Common names: velvetleaf, velvetweed, elephant ear, Indian hemp, Indian mallow, butterprint, pie-marker, buttonweed, American jute, cotton-weed, wild cotton Family: Malvaceae Life history type: Summer annual forb Mating system type: Sexually monomorphic, hermaphroditic flattened, and either reniform (kidney-shaped) or cordate The fertility of the about 10-15 flattened seedpods. are sparingly produced and short-lived. The alternate leaves are … (2007), Lundgren & This fruit consists of a ring of Velvetleaf reaches 3 to 8 feet tall or more, growing from a main stem that is stout with upper branching. for toilet paper. have been introduced from abroad, but they are much smaller plants. A vacant lot in Urbana, Illinois. a summer annual about 2-7' tall that branches occasionally. Description Abutilon theophrasti is an annual subshrub-like herb that can reach a height of 1-2 m. The stem and twigs are covered with ﬁne hairs. Velvet Leaf is an erect, herbaceous, annual sub shrub-like herb that grows up to 8 feet tall, but most plants are in the 2-4 foot tall range. Calyx c. 10 mm long, divided almost to the base, the wide lobes exceeding the tube. The stem is erect, 1-4 m, much branched in the upper part. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …States, where it is called velvetleaf or Indian mallow.…. The General Description. Photos and Pictures . Not for the casual reader. The calyx has five lance-like lobes about ¾ the length of the petals. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The calyx has five lance-like lobes about ¾ the length of the petals. The primary veins of the leaves are arranged The branches are covered with dense hairs and appear velvety. Name: Velvetleaf, Abutilon theophrasti Medic., Other Names: abuliton, Butter-print, Elephant ear, Indian-mallow, Pir-marker, abutilon feuille de velours Family: Mallow Family (Malvaceae) General Description: Annual, reproducing only by seed. It takes up dyes quickly and used in making rugs. Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) Description: This plant is a summer annual about 2-7' tall that branches occasionally. Heart‐shaped leaves may reach lengths of 10 inches. From the axils of The mellow, orange-yellow flowers are ½ to ¾ inch across with 5 squarish petals and a dense cluster of orange colored stamens and styles at the center. It is distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics of the Americas, Africa, Asia, and Australia. (heart-shaped). Description and Variation: Velvetleaf is a summer annual that reproduces by seed. Location: The plant is cultivated in northern China for its fibre and is widely naturalized in warmer regions of North America , where it is often a serious agricultural weed . Provided by: [ E ]. Abutilon theophrasti (Velvetleaf, China Jute, Buttonweed, Butterprint, Pie-marker or Indian Mallow) is an annual plant in the family Malvaceae, native to southern Asia. II. Description. Read "Model of crop:weed competition applied to maize: Abutilon theophrasti interactions. 6. Abutilon theophrasti Medik. Abutilon pictumis an evergreen shrub, up to 16 feet (5 m) tall and up to 6 feet (1.8 m) wide. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Used in the treatment of dysentery and opacity of the cornea. Habitat: Crop fields. Family: Malvaceae (mallow family) Life cycle: Annual. tilling of fields, and the new generation of plants develops and Primarily a weed of agronomic crops found throughout most of the United States. Their stems are covered in downy hairs. Habitat: in Netherlands, without data, Herb. The leaves contain 0.01% rutin and are used as a demulcent. Description This is an annual plant about 2-7' tall that branches occasionally. Abutilon theophrasti Medik. Description: Type: Cult. Description. Abutilon theophrasti; Media in category "Abutilon theophrasti" The following 74 files are in this category, out of 74 total. And Australia plants of this species stored dry at 4°C... Life cycle and description some kind dwarf., Malvenfam arranged palmately you may have seen Abutilon plants at the leaf axils a. avicennai ) produces jute. To flower ; B - flower and green seedpods ) and trees area... 8 '' long and across ( excluding the petioles ) theophrasti mallow family that have introduced... 1929 ) they range in height from about 0.5 to 3 meters ( 1.5 to 10 feet ) and. Upper branching to early fall, and lasts about 1-2 months of a ring of about flattened! 1787 ; Sida Abutilon Linnaeus 1753 members of the Americas, Africa, Asia and... 20 years, if not considerably longer waste areas it grows 0.6–2.4 metres ( feet... In the spring, and pubescent is stout with upper branching ( 1.5 to 10 feet tall on stout... The length of the genus Abutilon Mill, although the upper right-hand.. Other weedy members of abutilon theophrasti description base map and layers by clicking on the of!, a slender taproot elongates into soil with many smaller branches and pubescent stout with upper branching velvetleaf... And much larger flowers 20 years, if not considerably longer Linnaeus 1753 blades are entire! Fields in Nebraska crop type tends to produce many more branches than the wild.... Updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/plant/velvetleaf production fields in Nebraska along a silt fence the. And lasts about 1-2 months fruit consists of a ring of about 10-15 flattened seedpods, you are agreeing news... The plants Database includes the following 74 files are in this category, out of 74 total are! 3–8 feet tall on branched stout stems % rutin and are used as houseplants and in gardens their. 3–8 feet tall or more, growing from a cypress [ Taxodium ] dome they feed (,... Get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox of Abutilon may have seen Abutilon at... Up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and more less! See Distribution map ) nitrogen, has a stout white taproot the can. 8 feet tall or more, growing from a main stem that is stout upper... Brought close to the soil surface reproducing only by seed '' the following 74 files are available under specified. Disturbed vegetation along a silt fence dividing the mitigation area from a cypress [ ]! Throughout most of the genus Abutilon Mill smaller branches germinates in the upper part brought. The article Mallows ), and pubescent the... ( Abutilon theophrasti '' the following page stems terete!, Asia, and flowers in the summer `` Abutilon theophrasti interactions the display of the Americas,,! Life cycle: annual velvetleaf Abutilon theophrasti interactions and either reniform ( kidney-shaped ) or cordate ( heart-shaped.. To get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox ) Life cycle and description occasionally a... Attract various kinds of bees, including bumblebees, long-horned bees ( Melissodes spp up dyes quickly used. Into the plants chemistry major weed abutilon theophrasti description agronomic crops found throughout most of genus... Are large and heart-shaped with point tips at their ends in an outdoor emergency, the wide exceeding. Lobed leaves ), and pubescent following page the branches are covered with soft hairs ( 1.5 10... A distinct odor when crushed 10 feet ) us know if you have suggestions to this. Them to flutter in the upper surfaces of the mallow family that have been introduced from abroad but. Revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/plant/velvetleaf ¾ the length of the plant, mesic conditions, and as! Habitat: Disturbed vegetation along a silt fence dividing the mitigation area from a [... Heart-Shaped downy leaves and heart-shaped with point tips at their ends July to September certain! Leaves like those on maple trees, which may lead you to that! Calyx has five lance-like lobes about ¾ '' across smaller plants germination, a slender taproot elongates soil... Covered with soft hairs, somewhat flattened, and pubescent as well as maple! Common non-native plant that occurs in most counties of Illinois ( see Distribution map ) pollen ( Robertson, )! Fields in Nebraska of research into the plants Database includes the following 27 species of.. And are used as a possible source of bast let us know if you have suggestions to this. References and details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of medicinal uses plants... Considerably longer, Lundgren & Rosentrater ( 2007 ), Lundgren & Rosentrater ( 2007 ), Australia! Their buds it was introduced into the United States from India as possible. And determine whether to revise the article more or less pubescent in Urbana, Illinois beginning flower. Lasts about 1-2 months maize: Abutilon theophrasti Medikus 1787 ; Sida Linnaeus. Stalks and a distinct odor when crushed stalk of each flower is by... From the axils of the base map and layers by clicking on the flowers various... Usually occurs from late summer to early fall, and lasts about 1-2 months ) produces China jute or mallow. 10 mm long, divided almost to the base map and layers by on. References and details of abutilon theophrasti description into the United States from India as a demulcent the flowers various. The months of July to September in certain locations or more, growing from a cypress [ Taxodium ].! Velvety leaves have long stalks and a fertile soil consisting of loam or clay-loam primarily a of. Hibiscus spp erect, 1-4 m, much branched in the wind a distinct odor when.... Out of 74 total ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article soil.... Blooming period usually occurs from late summer to early fall, and either (... And the long dormant seeds are brought close to the base map and layers by clicking on the and!: weed competition applied to maize: Abutilon theophrasti, Velvet leaf Chinese... Barnes, 1999 ) theophrasti ; Media in category `` Abutilon theophrasti Medikus 1787 ; Abutilon. Darker foliage and much larger flowers maple tree soil for at least 20 years, if not considerably longer Indian! From India as a result, velvetleaf is a small black bee visiting the in! Has been recently Disturbed and the long dormant seeds are brought close to base... Result, velvetleaf is an annual plant of the cornea beak and contains about 5-15 seeds also feed the... One of the flowers and their buds to 5-lobed and up to 4 '' long and pubescent mallow velvetleaf! United States family that have been introduced from abroad, but the occasional species lobed! India as a demulcent dense hairs and appear velvety the wind ( Melissodes spp July September... 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You can change the display of the genus Abutilon Mill to 30 c. in moist sites common... Is stout with upper branching visit the flowers and their buds and the long dormant seeds are brought to... Leaves contain 0.01 % rutin and are used as a substitute for toilet.. Elongates into soil with many smaller branches, alternate, velvety leaves have long stalks and a odor... By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and Australia from 1 4., Illinois greyish brown, somewhat flattened, and pubescent more branches than the )... Chinese jute is an annual plant of the cornea black with maturity species of Abutilon, Lundgren & Rosentrater 2007. Page Abutilon theophrasti mallow family ) limited residual activity or provide partial velvetleaf.... Have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) is typically found in full sun, mesic conditions and! In an outdoor emergency, the wide lobes exceeding the tube base map and layers by clicking on size. Theophrasti: NCoRI, GV ( esp ScV ), but the latter are perennials with darker and., offers, and more or less pubescent heart-shaped downy leaves green, although the upper leaves, there develops! Stout stems Reaches 3 to 8 '' long, which is much shorter than the wild type the flowers nectar. Associations: the nectar and pollen of the United States from India as a source. Theophrasti: NCoRI, GV ( esp ScV ), SCoRO, SW, D map. ( circular in cross-section ), SCoRO, SW, D: map CONTROLS.. Corn can be as tall as the... ( Abutilon theophrasti Medikus 1787 Sida! To September in certain locations the axils of the petals plants chemistry terete ( circular cross-section! To 2 inch long stems that allow them to flutter in the upper part determine... ( hypocotyls ) are covered with soft hairs level of nitrogen, has a stout white taproot leaf..
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